According to recently released population projections from the United Nations, Four of the 10 most populous countries in the globe will no longer be among the top 10 in 2100 – and all four will be supplanted by rapidly growing nations in Africa, Brazil, Bangladesh, Russia and Mexico are among the world’s 10 most populous countries today. By 2100, they are projected to be overtaken by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Egypt – none of which are currently in the top 10.
As per the provided by ‘Pew Research Center’ India will try to accommodate 1450 million people in year 2100. Projecting comparison between year 1950 and 2100 Pew Research Center claims that India will surpass China by 2100. Also, five of the world’s 10 largest countries are projected to be in Africa. Pew Research Center made a list of the 10 most populous countries in the world by year 2100. World Population Day, which seeks to kind attention on the urgency and importance of population issues. Such important days are occasions to educate the public on issues of great concern, and to mobilize political will – resources to address global menace, or to celebrate and reinforce achievements of humanity.
Thus, “The UN Council every year decides the theme of World Population Day but in 2019 specific theme is not decided and calls for global attention to the unfinished business of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development”. While In November, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), together with the governments of Kenya and Denmark, will be convening a high-level conference in Nairobi to accelerate efforts to achieve these goals. Last year marked the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights (HR), where ‘family planning’ was, for the first time, globally affirmed to be a HR. But this year, There is no particular theme decided by the United Nations Councils to marked the World Population Day 2019.
Twenty-five years have passed since that landmark conference, where 179 governments recognised that ‘reproductive health’ and ‘gender equality’ are essential for achieving sustainable development. Hence, we advocates from around the world are calling on leaders, policymakers, grassroots organizers, institutions and others to help make reproductive health and rights a reality for all.
Meanwhile, “The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the world’s blueprint for a better future for all on a healthy planet. On World Population Day, we recognize that this mission is closely interrelated with demographic trends including population growth, ageing, migration and urbanization.” United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, asserted.
Despite this, Women and girls have the right to avoid the exhaustion, depletion and danger of too many pregnancies, too close together. Men and women have the right to choose when and how often to embrace parenthood — if at all. Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realise the human right to family planning. The existence of international days predates the establishment of the United Nations, but the UN has embraced them as a powerful advocacy tool.
This changing of the guard is expected to occur because of sluggish population growth over the next eight decades in Mexico (+10% by 2100) and population losses in Brazil (-15%), Bangladesh (-8%) and Russia (-14%). Each of the four African countries, by contrast, is expected to more than double in population, with increases of 304% in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 156% in Ethiopia, 378% in Tanzania and 120% in Egypt.
Africa’s rapid population growth is one of the dominant stories to emerge from the UN’s projections. Of the six countries that are projected to account for more than half of all world population growth by 2100, five are in Africa, as a previous Pew Research Center analysis noted. Half the world’s babies will be born in Africa by 2100, up from three-in-ten today. Another way to think about Africa’s population boom is to look at the 10 countries – out of more than 200 jurisdictions in the UN data – that will experience the biggest gains and losses in people by 2100, both in absolute numbers and in percentage terms.
Eight of the 10 countries that are expected to gain the most people by 2100 are in Africa: Nigeria (with the largest gain, 527 million), the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Angola, Niger, Egypt and Sudan. (This recent animation of the UN data shows African nations’ long-term rise up the population ranks.) The two non-African nations on this list are Pakistan and the United States, which are projected to see population gains of 182 million and 103 million people, respectively. At the other end of the spectrum, none of the 10 countries that are expected to see the biggest population losses by 2100 are in Africa. Instead, these countries tend to be in Asia and Europe, with the largest decrease by far projected in China. By 2100, China is expected to have 374 million fewer people than it does today; China’s projected decline in people, in fact, is more than the entire current population of the United States. India is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country by 2027.